Caloric stimulation is a test that uses differences in temperature to diagnose damage to the acoustic nerve. This is the nerve that is involved in hearing and balance. The test also checks for damage to the brain stem.
Caloric testing assesses and records the function of each labyrinth separately, making it possible to define which side is compromised.1,2 The caloric response is connected with the central nervous system, which is important in differentiating between central and peripheral vestibular diseases. Caloric testing deserves to be highlighted within the context of otoneurological test batteries, which justifies this review of the literature. Peculiarities about